Imhotep was the only mortal to become a god. This vizier, advisor, high priest and physician to King Djoser designed Djoser’s Step Pyramid at Saqqara. In addition to these duties and accomplishments, Imhotep wrote extensively and developed revolutionary medical procedures.
This god of medicine, knowledge and architecture was usually represented seated, with a papyrus spread across his lap.
The genius of Imhotep extended from the healing arts he is believed to have been the first person to perform brain surgery to astronomy. The god of medicine, he was the only mortal in Ancient Egypt to have to have been deified. This deification came centuries after the death of this advisor and physician to King Djoser.
Imhotep designed Djoser’s Step Pyramid, the first pyramid in Ancient Egypt. There is skeletal evidence that suggests that the architect of the pyramid set difficult bone fractures and conducted inner cranial procedures on injured pyramid workers.
Centuries after his death, Egyptians still worshiped the famed physician. The sick or relatives of the stricken would honor the memory of Imhotep
and ask that his spirit intercede on their behalf. And in the 20th century Hollywood filmmakers have assigned the name of this fabled Egyptian to one of the most frightening of horror film monsters, the mummy.
Imhotep, was born in the 27th century bce, in Memphis,Kemet
He is considered by some to be the first real person in known history. He is not a conqueror or a king but an artist and a scientist , physician, architect, Pyramid Builder and chief adviser of King Zoser (ca. 3150 B.C.). He did so much for Kemetic medicine that later generations worshiped him as a god of knowledge, author of their sciences and their arts; and at the same time he appears to have founded the school of architecture which provided the next dynasty with the first great Pyramid builders in history.
He was indigenous African whose family had migrated from Sub saharan Africa to settle in the North.
Imhotep lived over 4600 years ago and was the highest official in Egypt during the rule of King Netjerkhet (also known as Djoser). This King ruled Kemet from around 2686 BCE and was the first ruler of what we now call ‘Dynasty 3’. Imhotep was also said to be the architect of the King’s burial monument, which was in the form of a stepped pyramid. This was the world’s first monumental stone building and was situated at the site we now call Saqqara in northern Egypt/Kemet.
He was skilled in all areas of administration and royal enterprises. Imhotep was also a priest, writer, a doctor and a founder of the Egyptian studies of astronomy and architecture.
Imhotep himself was a devote follower of Thoth who was the god of knowledge and thought. Early in his life he showed high intelligence and through deep mediation began a quest for higher knowledge. He impressed Thoth who was eager to spread knowledge to mankind. Imhoptep became his greatest student and used his knowledge to improve medicience, technology and pyramid building among his people.
He became beloved not only among his fellow humans but the Ennead as well. Hathor taought him the skill of self healing and he was able to slow the aging process for himself. In time Thoth gave him the key to true immortality and when the Ennead left Earth they invited him to return with them to their home in the Sirius star system
In the New Kingdom was was venerated as the patron of scribes. Scribes would pour a couple of drops of water in libation to him before beginning to write. During this time, this form of ancestor worship to Imhotep was privately practiced and his cult was similar to that of any of the dead (although more wide-spread). Also at that time, Imhotep was identified with Nefertem, the son of Ptah
He was called the son of Ptah and his mother was eitherNut orSekhmet. He was also associated withThoth and became a patron of wisdom and medicine. Miraculous cures were often attributed to him.
Imhotep was supposed to send sleep to those who were suffering or in pain. He was the physician to both the gods and men.
During the Ptolemaic Period, a small temple to Imhotep was built on the Island of Philae.
In art, Imhotep was portrayed as a priest with a shaven head, seated and holding a papyrus roll. Occasionally he was shown clothed in the archaic costume of a priest. He was not represented with divine insignias.
He was one of only two commoners ever to be deified after death (the other being Amenhotep, son of Hapu). The center of his cult was in Memphis. The location of Imhotep’s self-built tomb was well hidden from the beginning and it remains unknown, despite efforts to find it. The consensus is that it is hidden somewhere at Saqqara.
A demotic papyrus from the temple of Tebtunis, dating to the 2nd century AD, preserves a long story about Imhotep. King Djoser plays a prominent role in the story, which also mentions Imhotep’s family; his father the god Ptah, his mother Khereduankh, and his little-sister Renpetneferet. At one point Djoser desires the young Renpetneferet, and Imhotep disguises himself and tries to rescue her. The text also refers to the royal tomb of Djoser. Part of the legend includes an anachronistic battle between the Old Kingdom and the Assyrian armies where Imhotep fights an Assyrian sorceress in a duel of magic
His name means “He Who Comes in Peace” and he is the only Kemite besides Amenhotep to be fully deified, becoming the god of wisdom and medicine
the Step Pyramid rose 204 feet (62 meters) high and was the tallest structure of its time. The surrounding complex included a temple, courtyards, shrines, and living quarters for the priests covering an area of 40 acres (16 hectares) and surrounded by a wall 30 feet (10.5 meters) high. The wall had 13 false doors cut into it with only one true entrance cut in the south-east corner; the entire wall was then ringed by a trench 2,460 feet (750 meters) long and 131 feet (40 meters) wide.
He may have lived under as many as four kings. An inscription on one of that kings statues gives us Imhotep’s titles as the “chancellor of the king of lower Egypt”, the “first one under the king”, the “administrator of the great mansion”, the “hereditary Noble”, the “high priest of Heliopolis”, the “chief sculptor”, and finally the “chief carpenter”.