Thoth the scientist of Kemet, the great collector of knowledge is an ancient god worshiped in Kush, and Kemet before the rise of the Pharohs. Thoth is perhaps the most studied of all ancient deities because he was a god on knowledge and wisdom. Thoth is the god who brought human math and science.
Also known as Djehuty and among his notable deeds He overcame the curse of Ra, allowing Nut to give birth to her five children, with his skill at games. Ra had become angry when Geb and Nut fell in love and he forbid Nut from giving birth on any day of the 360 day year. Heart broken Nut appealed to Thoth for help. Thoth lured the Moon into a game of chance and won 5 extra days in the year. These days Nut used to birth her children.
He ruled upper and lower Kemet for 16,000 years building the foundation of the greatest civilization of all time. Thoth played a crucial role in the design and orientation of many famous pyramids, temples and ziggurats. The purpose was to create a system of energy generators powerful enough to create portals to other worlds.
It was he who helped Auset the goddess of magic work the ritual to bring her murdered husband Ausir back from the dead,’ With the help of Anubis he created the first mummification ritual and helped resurrect Ausir in the land of the Dead. This action allowed Auset and Ausir to join together one time and produce their only son Horus.
He was Horus’ supporter during the young god’s deadly battle with his uncle Set, helping Horus with his wisdom and magic.
Thoth was a vital ally of Horus . When Horus was blinded by Set He drove the magical poison from, Horus with the power of his magic.
Ra gave Thoth an area of the underworld to rule in the “Land of the Caves”, He kept a register of those in his realm and decreed just punishments for their transgressions and acted as Ra´s representative in the afterlife. In this role, his wife was Ma´at.
Ma’at and Toth are often pictured at the side of Ra in the underworld and play very important roles in the judging of dead souls. Being a god of wisdom Toth judges of the mental development of the subject while Ma’at measures emotional growth.
In his quest for all knowledge Thoth was able to discover the secret of Creation as well as the key to true immortality. It is often written that Thoth created himself or in some cases resurrected himself solidifying his claims to have discovered the secret of creation.
He ruled Kemet for 16,000 years and roamed the Earth for several thousand more years, eternally Vigorous and youthful. Indeed it seems he had discovered the gift of true immortality. His wounds heals, he was immune to disease and poison.
He inscribed these secrets in hidden passages within his book. Its is the most powerful spell book in all creation and a power reserved for on the most enlightened minds. Anyone who read it would become the most powerful sorcerer in the world. Who among us could command the very power of god.
Toth is also credited with writting the Emerald Tablets which contain the secret of the prima materia and the key to its transmutation. This book is consider by alchemist to be the foundation of their field of study as well as that of quantum mechanics. This book contain the key to manipulating particle energy as would be required in the creation of planets.
Thoth became credited by the ancient Africans as the inventor of writing, and was also considered to have been the scribe of the underworld. For this reason Thoth was universally worshipped by ancient Egyptian Scribes.
He was always associated with Seshat who cared for his library of books and was thus given the title of “Mistress of the House of Books.”
Seshat is also credited with inventing speech and language and it is often believed that Seshat was the creative force and Thoth was the teacher.
He was said to be the husband of Seshat, As time passed he gradually absorbed most of Seshat´s roles, and she was seen largely as his female aspect. They had a child called Hornub. At Khnum (Hermopolis) he was the husband of Nehmauit goddess of protection. Their child was the god Neferhor.
He was the great conciliator among the deities, because the “peace of the gods” is in him. His goal was always to maintain a balance of power. He was a traveller and an international deity, for his name can be found in many ancient languages : neo-Babylonian, Coptic, Aramean, Greek & Latin. Thoth represented the embodiment of all knowledge and literature. He spread knowledge to every corner of the world and became an important figure in the history of the Earth and its civilizations
Thoth is believed to be the author of the Book of Coming Forth by day as well as the “Book of Breathing which is often attributed to the goddess Auset.
The Book of Coming Forth by Day is an ancient funerary text which includes part of the Pyramid Text and the coffin text. They were instructions that the dead would need to complete his or her journey through the underworld. They included spells of protection, directions and important facts. The journey can be very disorienting and these instructions were designed to make the transition smother.
The Books of Breathing are several late ancient Egyptian funerary texts, intended to enable deceased people to continue to exist in the afterlife. The earliest known copy dates to about 350 BC
Centre of Worship
During the late period of Egyptian history a cult of Thoth gained prominence, due to its main centre, Khnum in Upper Egypt also becoming the capital, and millions of dead ibis were mummified and buried in his honor.
The rise of his cult also lead to his cult seeking to adjust mythology to give Thoth a greater role, including varying the Ogdoad cosmogony myth so that it is Thoth who gives birth to Ra as a result of laying, as an ibis, an egg containing him.
He is also credited with giving rise to the Ogdoad pantheon of 9 Gods. The sound of his song was thought to have created four frog gods and snake goddesses of the Ogdoad who continued Thoth’s song, helping the sun journey across the sky.
Thoth’s chief temple was located in the city of Khmun was partially destroyed in 1826 CE. In that city, he led the Ogdoad pantheon of eight principal deities. He also had numerous shrines within the cities of Abydos, Hesert, Urit, Per-Ab, Rekhui, Ta-ur, Sep, Hat, Pselket, Talmsis, Antcha-Mutet, Bah, Amen-heri-ab, and Ta-kens.
Thoth played many vital and prominent roles in Kemetic mythology, such as maintaining the universe, and being one of the two deities (the other being Ma’at) who stood on either side of Ra’s boat. In the later history of ancient Egypt, Thoth became heavily associated with the arbitration of godly disputes, the arts of magic, the system of writing, the development of science, and the judgment of the dead.
He was popular throughout Egypt, but was particularly venerated in Khnum (Hermopolis Magna) where he was worshipped as part of the Ogdoad. He created himself through the power of the spoken word. His song was thought to have created eight deities of the Ogdoad (the gods Nun, Heh, Kuk and Amun and the goddesses Nunet, Hauhet, Kuaket and Amaunet).
Like many of the ancient Kemetic gods, Thoth was appropriated by the Greeks who identified him as Hermes Trismegistus
the ‘One who Made Calculations Concerning the Heavens, the Stars and the Earth’
the ‘Reckoner of Times and of Seasons’
the one who ‘Measured out the Heavens and Planned the Earth’
he was ‘He who Balances’
the ‘God of the Equilibrium’ and ‘Master of the Balance’
‘The Lord of the Divine Body’
‘Scribe of the Company of the Gods’
‘Scribe of the Company of the Gods’
the ‘Author of Every Work on Every Branch of Knowledge, Both Human and Divine’
he who understood ‘all that is hidden under the heavenly vault’
Thoth was not just a scribe and friend to the gods, but central to order – ma’at – both in Egypt and in the Duat. He was ‘He who Reckons the Heavens, the Counter of the Stars and the Measurer of the Earth’.
There is an Egyptian pharaoh of the Sixteenth dynasty of Egypt named Djehuty (Thoth) after him, and who reigned for three years.