Introduction

Gold is  precious and rare metal in the universe. It is also a Super conductor of energy. It does not dissolve and can be used as a nano particle.

This metal has High Atomic Number.

Also it is resistant to most acids. It has the ability to rectify damaged cells. It is also linked to anti aging properties and may be a key to immortality.

The Biblical Moses made monotonic gold, which the Isrealites would later consume.

Concentrations of White Powered can create anti gravity particle.

A Precious Metal

Gold is a dense, soft, shiny, malleable, and ductile metal. It is a chemical element with the symbol A U and atomic number 79.  The melting point of  is 1,948°F (1,064°C).  and its Boiling point is 5,173°F (2,856°C). The atomic mass of  is 196.96657 ± 0.00004 u. The density of  is 19.30 g cm-3. Some possible reasons for its high value are its In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal.

Chemistry

Chemically, it is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. This precious metal often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver (as electrum) and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as  compounds, often with tellurium.

More importantly it is resistant to most acids, though it does dissolve in aqua regia. Which is a mixture of nitric acid and hydrochloric acid. This  which forms a soluble tetrachloroaurate anion. It is insoluble in nitric acid, which dissolves silver and base metals. This is a property that has long been used to refine gold and to confirm the presence of gold in metallic objects. This gave rise to the term acid test. The metal also dissolves in alkaline solutions of cyanide, which are used in mining and electroplating. It dissolves in mercury, forming amalgam alloys, but this is not a chemical reaction.

A relatively rare element, it is a precious metal that has been used for coinage, jewelry, and other arts. In the past, a gold standard was often implemented as a monetary policy, but coins ceased to be minted as a circulating currency in the 1930s.  The world  standard was abandoned for a fiat currency system after 1976.

A total of 186,700 tonnes  exists above ground, as of 2015. The world consumption of new metal produced is about 50% in jewelry, 40% in investments, and 10% in industry.  It is also used in infrared shielding, colored-glass production, gold leafing, and tooth restoration. Certain  salts are still used as anti-inflammatories in medicine. As of 2016, the world’s largest  producer by far was China with 450 tonnes per year.

Color and aesthetic.

The symbol  is Au, from the greek word aurum, which means glow of sunshine. The english word  comes from the words gulb and ghel referring also to the color. It is the only metal of this color. The  characteristic yellow color is due to the arrangement of its electrons. So when alloyed with other metals like silver and cuper it has different colors, according to the percentages of the alloy.

It is the most maleable and ductile of all the metals. Because of this, one ounce of the metal can be drawn into more than 80 Km of thin gold wire. One ounce  can be beaten into a sheet covering 9 square meters and 0.000018 cm thick. It has an electrical resistivity of 0.022 micro-ohm and a thermal conductivity of 310 W m-1. Hence, it is very efficient for the transmission of heat and electricity. It also has the highest corrosion resistance of all the metals and it is corroded only by a mixture of nitric and hydrocloric acid. It is a noble metal because it does not oxidize.

the Economy

Two-thirds of the world’s gold is mined in South Africa, according to Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.

Seventy-eight percent of the world’s yearly supply ois used in jewelry, according to the AMNH. The rest goes to electronics and dental and medical uses.

The world’s largest gold crystal is the size of a golf ball and comes from Venezuela. The 7.7-ounce (217.78 grams) crystal is worth about $1.5 million.

Earthquakes can create it: A 2013 study in the journal Nature Geoscience found that during earthquakes, water in faults and fractures vaporizes, leaving gold behind.

Consuming Gold

You can eat it … if you really want to. Gourmet shops sell edible gold leaf and flakes that add glitter to everything from pastries to vodka to olive oil. Don’t fear for your stomach: The metal isn’t digested and just passes right through, according to Edible Gold, a company that sells gold leaf.