The Blue Nile, White Nile and Arbara rivers flowed through Nubia into the Nile. The Nile nourished the rich black earth of the Nile valley. Greek philosopher and traveler Herodotus noted how residents of the Nile valley benefited from the bounty of the rich soil. He proclaimed that Kemet itself was the Gift of the Nile.
God of the Nile inundation . . .
Agod of fecundity and fertility . . .
The river Nile provided the essentials for life in the desert, and Hapi, as its patron, represented the fullness of life. Although Hapi was sometimes considered to be a patron of fish and marsh birds, the god was so closely associated with the annual inundation that it was referred to as the ‘coming of Hapi.’
Hapi was depicted as a man with a thick chest adorned with marsh flowers and papyrus plants. And though male, he was sometimes shown with a woman’s full breasts and belly, which represented the fertility and nurturing nature of the Nile. Often this god was represented holding an offering tray filled with the fruits of the Nile.