For our purposes we will define magic as the manipulation of cosmic (ambient) energy. We understand that the power of the spoken and written word is both a powerful driver of magic and its principle medium of use.
We will focus on magical spells and spells as well as magical items and ingredients.
Magic represents a category used in the study of religion and the social sciences to define various practices and ideas considered separate to both religion and science. The category developed in Western culture although has since been applied to practices in other societies, particularly those regarded as being non-modern and Other. Various different definitions of magic have been proposed, with much contemporary scholarship regarding the concept to be so problematic that it is better to reject it altogether as a useful analytic construct.